Presiding over the city of Athens, the Acropolis is the symbol of Greece and its mythology. The hilltop fortress of classical Greek buildings was one of many acropoleis, but with its spectacular edifices and location overlooking the important city since the 5th century BC, it held a religious importance not seen anywhere else in Greece. It was transcribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in ... read more
1987. Following victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, Athens took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world. In the age that followed, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts. The most important monuments were built during that time: the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small temple Athena Nike.