Kumanovo Travel Guide
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- KumanovoMember ofLocal CultureOutdoor EnthusiastsWellness+ 1First to ReviewAug 31, 2012
The third largest city in Macedonia after Skopje and Bitola is Kumanovo. The name Kumanovo is believed to derive from the Cumans, a Turkic tribe who settled the area in the 12th-13th century.
The Kumanovo's metal-processing, tobacco, agriculture, footwear and textile industries have made it an economic, trading and cultural center of approximately 135,529 people. Agriculture and trade developed mainly in the 19th century, but the Kumanovo's modern look was established after the Second World War.
History about the city:
The area boasts many pre-historic settlements near Kumanovo. The most significant site is the PREHISTORIC OBSERVATORY KOKINO. Some 5,800 years ago, ancients living near present-day Macedonia stood top on a hill shadowed by huge stone ridges and tracked the course of the sun and moon. Today Kokino is ranked fourth on the list of the world's oldest observatories, behind Abu Simbel in Egypt, Stonehenge in Great Britain, and Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
The hill had been formed from volcanic rocks. The natural predisposition of these andesite rocks to crack vertically and horizontally caused forming of almost ideal cubic rock blocks that could be easily shaped and wisely used by the prehistoric dwellers as areas/positions for observing the movement of the Sun and the Moon and for performing religious rites.
Other important sites are: the Kostoperska karpa, the Bronze Age Gradiste (near the village of Pelince), the Neolithic site of Mlado Nagorichane, the Iron Age tumulus cemetery (village of Vojnik), the Roman Necropolis Drezga (village of Lopate), the Roman Settlement Vicianus (village of Klecovce), and many others.
In Medieavl times, city of Kumanovo was first mentioned in 1519 in a document housed in a Turkish archive in Istanbul. The most comprehensive and relevant information on Kumanovo is provided by Evlija Celebija in 1660.
Kumanovo became an urban settlement and administrative center of the region at the end of the 16th century or the beginning of the 17th century. Following the turbulent events (the Karpos rebellion in 1689) the city experienced a period of stagnation, and by the end of 18th century Kumanovo epitomized an Ottoman provincial town.
A great rebel leader named Karpos was born in a village near Kumanovo called Vojnik. Initially, he was a vassal of Turks, but when the Ottoman empire began to weaken in 1689 and discontent rose concerning new higher taxation policies, Karpos became a turning point in the battle versus the Turks. In that period Austria staged an attack on the Ottoman Empire. Then the Karpos seized upon the situation and the uprising quickly spread to the rebels freeing Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Kumanovo, Kacanik and in other towns. Then, together with the Austrian army, lead by Emperor Leopold 1st, they fought to liberate Skopje and Štip.
Later there was a change in the military and political situation in the Balkans, which had a crucial effect on the rebellion. The Austrian army was forced to withdraw and powerful Turkish forces, reinforced by Tatar detachments belonging to the Crimean Khan Selim Giral, attacked the rebels. After fierce battles the Turks took Kriva Palanka, the rebel stronghold, and then attacked Kumanovo and its newly-constructed fortress. Karpos was captured, removed to Skopje, and put to death on the Stone Bridge across the Vardar.
It developed economically in the late 19th century (agriculture, handcrafts and trade). Still, industrial development occurred only at the end of the Second World War. The rapid economic, administrative and cultural expansion of Kumanovo began in 1945. Today, it is a modern city with approximately 70,000 inhabitants.
Events and Festivals in Kumanovo
1. Kumanovo Jazz Festival
2. Days of Comedy Festival
It features comedies from several Macedonian theatres and also from neighbouring Serbia and Bulgaria.
3. Kumanovo STREETS Festival
Every year from 4-6 July with Foltin, BllaBlla, Kthjellu, Parketi, Vinsky Project, Sound Pollution, Sercuk Orkestar, White Noise in a White Room on Kumanovo main square.