Tbilisi Travel Guide
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- 98%Local Culture
- 94%History Buffs
- 83%Adventure Travelers
- 83%Nightlife Lovers
- 77%Budget Travelers
- 62%Luxury Travelers
- 61%Art & Design Lovers
Member Reviews (67)Write a review
- TbilisiMember ofLocal CultureOutdoor EnthusiastsFoodies+ 4
This wonderful city is a hidden gem of Europe. This is Prague or Krakow 20 years ago and is on the verge of a major expansion in tourism. Having escaped its unstable paste, Tbilisi has everything you'd want in an urban European destination -- a beautiful old town, excellent restaurants, good night life, and easy access to best-in-class cultural and natural attractions.Recommended for:
A very interesting and clean city in Georgia. Some old neighbourhoods not so good, but with a new developing part of the city, with a lot of interesting and cheap bars and restaurants. The churches are amazing, and the castle in the hill, with the statue of the mother of the Georgians are something unique. There are a fun park in the top of the hill with the big tower. It's very interesting and clean. The soviet style it's still alive in the city, but that's good in some things. Everything it's cheap, the people are nice, and there are a lot of police. There are at least one good hostel. Not many people speech in English, but they try to communicate.
Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი [tʰb̥ilisi] ( listen)) is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River. The name is derived from an early Georgian form T'pilisi (ტფილისი) and it was officially known as Tpilisi ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტო 2012
10 წლის მანძილზე, ფოტოკონკურსის ყოველწლიურად წარმატებით ჩატარების შემდეგ, 2012 წლის უმთავრეს მოვლენად “ქოლგას” კონკურსის “ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტოდ” გარდაქმნა შეიძლება ჩაითვალოს. 2012 წლიდან, ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტოს ფარგლებში, კონკურსის გამარჯვებული ფოტოების გამოფენასთან ერთად, საქართველოს დედაქალაქი სხვადასხვა საერთაშორისო თუ ადგილობრივ გამოფენას უმასპინძლებს, რომლებზეც წარმოდგენილი იქნება როგორც ისტორიულად მნიშვნელოვანი ფოტოები, ისე თანამედროვე ფოტოგრაფიის სხვადასხვა პოზიციის ამსახველი ფოტონამუშევრები. სტუმრებს შესაძლებლობა ექნებათ, გაეცნონ მსოფლიოში სახელგანთქმული კლასიკური ფოტოხელოვანების - ჟაკ-ანრი ლარტიგის ნამუშევრებს, თანამედროვე ამერიკული თუ გერმანული ფოტოხელოვანების ჯგუფურ გამოფენებს და, ასევე, შთამბეჭდავ ომის საწინააღმდეგო ექსპოზიციას, სადაც მთელი მსოფლიოდან მონაწილეობენ ფოტოგრაფები. ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტო, ასევე, უმასპინძლებს ნაიჯელ დიკინსონის არაჩვეულებრივ ექსპოზიციას “საზღვრებს გარეშე”. ფოტოკონკურსი ქოლგასთვის დიდ პატივია, რომ ნაიჯელ დიკინსონი ჟიურის ერთ-ერთი წევრია. ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტოს ფარგლებში, წარმოდგენილი იქნება ქართველი ფოტოგრაფის, გიორგი ცაგარელის რჩეული ნამუშევრები, რომელსაც ქართული ფოტოხელოვნების განვითარებაში შეტანილი განსაკუთრებული წვლილისთვის წელს ალექსანდრე როინაშვილის ტრადიციული პრიზი გადაეცა. სხვადასხვა პროფესიულ გამოფენასთან ერთად, ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტო ასევე უმასპინძლებს თბილისის სახელმწიფო სამხატვრო აკადემის სტუდენტების ნამუშევართა შერეულ გამოფენას.
ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტო 2012-ის ფარგლებში, გალერეა “ლიჰტბლიკთან” თანამშრომლობით და საქართველოში აშშ-ის საელჩოსა და ბრიტანეთის საბჭო საქართველოს ფინანსური მხარდაჭერით, ქოლგა თბილისი ფოტო გამართავს ვორქშოპებს, სემინარებს, დისკუსიებსა და პორტფოლიოების განხილვებს. ამით გამოიკვეთება ჩვენი მიდგომა, რაც ფოტოხელოვნების, როგორც საქართველოში მედიის ერთ-ერთი ახალი ფორმის, კიდევ უფრო პოპულარიზაციასა და განვითარებას გულისხმობს. (in Georgian) or Tiflis (in Russian) until 1936. The city covers an area of 726 km2 (280 sq mi) and has 1,480,000 inhabitants.
Founded in the 5th century by Vakhtang Gorgasali, the monarch of Georgia's precursor Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi has served, with various intervals, as Georgia's capital for nearly 1500 years and represents a significant industrial, social, and cultural center of the country. Located near the southeastern edge of Europe, Tbilisi's proximity to lucrative east-west trade routes often made the city a point of contention between various rival empires throughout history and the city's location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's varied history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, classical, and Soviet structures.
Historically, Tbilisi has been home to peoples of diverse cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is now overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Notable tourist destinations include cathedrals like Sameba and Sioni, classical Freedom Square and Rustaveli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum According to an old legend, the present-day territory of Tbilisi was covered by forests as late as 458. One widely accepted variant of the legend of Tbilisi's founding states that King Vakhtang I Gorgasali of Georgia went hunting in the heavily wooded region with a falcon (sometimes the falcon is replaced with either a hawk or other small birds of prey in the legend). The King's falcon allegedly caught or injured a pheasant during the hunt, after which both birds fell into a nearby hot spring and died from burns. King Vakhtang became so impressed with the hot springs that he decided to cut down the forest and build a city on the location. The name Tbilisi derives from the Old Georgian word "Tpili" (თბილი), meaning warm. The name 'Tbili' or 'Tbilisi' ('warm location') was therefore given to the city because of the area's numerous sulphuric hot springs that came out of the ground.
Tbilisi Baratashvili Street
Archaeological studies of the region have revealed that the territory of Tbilisi was settled by humans as early as the 4th millennium BCE. The earliest actual (recorded) accounts of settlement of the location come from the second half of the 4th century CE, when a fortress was built during King Varaz-Bakur's reign. Towards the end of the 4th century the fortress fell into the hands of the Persians after which the location fell back into the hands of the Kings of Kartli (Georgia) by the middle of the 5th century. King Vakhtang I Gorgasali (reigned in the middle and latter part of the 5th century), who is largely credited for founding Tbilisi, was actually responsible for reviving and building up the city and not founding it. The present-day location of the area which Gorgasali seems to have built up is spread out around the Metekhi cliff and the latter-day Abanotubani neighbourhood. King Dachi I Ujarmeli, who was the successor of Vakhtang I Gorgasali, moved the capital from Mtskheta to Tbilisi according to the will left by his father. It must be mentioned that Tbilisi was not the capital of a unified Georgian state at that time (therefore did not include the territory of Colchis) and was only the capital of Eastern Georgia/Iberia. During his reign, King Dachi I was also responsible for finishing the construction of the fortress wall that lined the city's new boundaries. Beginning from the 6th century, Tbilisi started to grow at a steady pace due to the region's favourable and strategic location which placed the city along important trade and travel routes between Europe and Asia.
Tbilisi's favourable and strategic location did not necessarily bode well for its existence as Eastern Georgia's/Iberia's capital. Located strategically in the heart of the Caucasus between Europe and Asia, Tbilisi became an object of rivalry between the region's various powers such as Persia, the Byzantine Empire, Arabia and the Seljuk Turks. The cultural development of the city was therefore heavily dependent on who ruled the city at various times. Even though Tbilisi (and Eastern Georgia in general) was able to maintain a certain degree of autonomy from its conquerors, the foreign domination of the city began in the latter half of the 6th century and lasted well into the 10th century.
From 570–580, the Persians took over Tbilisi and ruled it for about a decade. In the year 627, Tbilisi was sacked by the Byzantine/Khazar armies and later, in 736–738, Arab armies entered the town under Marwan II Ibn-Muhammad. After this point, the Arabs established an emirate centered in Tbilisi. The Arab domination brought a certain order to the region and introduced a more formal/modernized judicial system into Georgia. In 764, Tbilisi, still under Arab control was once again sacked by the Khazars. In 853, the armies of Arab leader Bugha Al-Turki (Bugha the Turk) invaded Tbilisi in order to enforce its return to Abbasid allegiance. The Arab domination of Tbilisi continued until about 1050. In 1068, the city was once again sacked, only this time by the Seljuk Turks under Sultan Alp Arslan.
Capital of a unified Georgian state
In 1122, after heavy fighting with the Seljuks that involved at least 60,000 Georgians and up to 300,000 Turks, the troops of the King of Georgia David the Builder entered Tbilisi. After the battles for Tbilisi concluded, David moved his residence from Kutaisi (Western Georgia) to Tbilisi, making it the capital of a unified Georgian State. From 12–13th centuries, Tbilisi became a dominant regional power with a thriving economy (with well-developed trade and skilled labour) and a well-established social system/structure. By the end of the 12th century, the population of Tbilisi had reached 100,000. The city also became an important literary and a cultural center not only for Georgia but for the larger civilized world as well. During Queen Tamar's reign, Shota Rustaveli worked in Tbilisi while writing his legendary epic poem, The Knight in the Panther's Skin. This period is often referred to as "Georgia's Golden Age" or the Georgian Renaissance.
Mongol domination and the following period of instability
Tbilisi's "Golden Age" did not last for more than a century. In 1226 Tbilisi was captured by the refugee Khwarezmian Empire Khwarezmian Shah Mingburnu and its defences severely devastated and prone to Mongol armies. In 1236, after suffering crushing defeats to the Mongols, Georgia came under Mongol domination. The nation itself maintained a form of semi-independence and did not lose its statehood, but Tbilisi was strongly influenced by the Mongols for the next century both politically and culturally. In the 1320s, the Mongols were forcefully expelled from Georgia and Tbilisi became the capital of an independent Georgian state once again. An outbreak of the plague struck the city in 1366.
From the late 14th until the end of the 18th century, Tbilisi came under the rule of various foreign invaders once again and on several occasions was completely burnt to the ground. In 1386, Tbilisi was invaded by the armies of Tamerlane (Timur). In 1444, the city was invaded and destroyed by Jahan Shah (the Shah of the town of Tabriz in Persia). From 1477 to 1478 the city was held by the Ak Koyunlu tribesmen of Uzun Hassan. In 1522, Tbilisi came under Persian control but was later freed in 1524 by King David X of Georgia. During this period, many parts of Tbilisi were reconstructed and rebuilt. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Tbilisi once again became the object of rivalry only this time between the Ottoman Turks and Persia. King Erekle II of Georgia tried on several occasions, successfully, to free Tbilisi from Persian rule but in the end Tbilisi was burnt to the
Tbilisi is a wonderful old historical and tourist city in Europe. Tbilisi is called sometimes as a gate of Europe to Asia, because of its location, where the cultures and civilizations from the Europe and Asia, Western and Eastern, Northern and Southern countries are meet.
OMG what an awesome experience in Georgia! Such a gem of a country and city in this region. Not many people know alot about it, but you can go skiing, surfing, clubbing - anything. I felt very safe in Tbilisi, don't know about the other cities.
European restaurants are very expensive when compared to local ones with georgian food.
Ill be back!
- TbilisiMember ofLocal CultureFamily TravelersFoodies+ 2
Tbilisi has an unexpected charm. The city is full of gorgeous buildings that, even though in need of repair, very much reveal the country's history in the last century. While the country is still working on becoming tourist-ready, I think the capital city is well worth the visit.
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