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Chal Nakhjir is a rare geological phenomenon, discovered in 1989 and is located on the side of the road connecting Delijan to Naragh, Markazi province, Iran. The cave belongs to the Cenozoic period and has been formed as a result of tectonic factors and aerobic chemical reactions.
Chal Nakhjir is known for its exceptional white dolomite sediments, covering the floor of major corridors of the cave. The speleothems are exceptional too, looking like white popcorn. Even regular stalactites and stalagmites have this pure white cover of calcite and aragonite crystals.
The height of this cave in some places reaches over 20 m while having deep valleys in its divergent paths. A cave lake is located 140m inside the cave, 70m below the entrance.
Over the long geological era, wind and waters have created wonderful corridors and pools inside the cave. Geologists have discovered stones shaped like eagle, deer and pigeon, which means the cave was inhabited by primitive people in ancient times. On the other side of the cave, amidst towering cliffs is a lake spread over 3,000 square km. Another amazing feature of this cave is its natural ventilation system.
The weather inside the cave is cool in summer and warm in winter and visitors can avail of plenty of oxygen while inside.
This edifice has a vast apron that has covered all 4 corners of the tomb and around the apron there are several porticos. When entering the nave there is a brick ivan with a tile work on its facade on which the renewal date 1320 A.H. (lunar calendar) of the edifice is written. But the most important historical part in this monument, which is a valuable stucco work, is its Mehrab.
اين آرامگاه در کوى بالاى محلات و کنار خيابان سرچشمه در گورستان عمومى واقع شده است. بنا شامل صحنى وسيع، حجرههايى در اطراف و داراى طرح صليبى مرکب از دو فضاى رومى پوش است. سقف آن به صورت عرقچينى به ارتفاع هفت متر پوشش شده است. در هر ضلع بقعه، به جز شاهنشين شرقى که محل نصب محراب است، درى براى ورود و خروج تعبيه شده است. محراب اين بنا از آثار ارزشمند و معتبر گچبرى قرن چهارم به شمار مىرود.
The historical Khorheh Village is one of the archaic regions of the Markazi (Central) province, which is located at 31 km to the north west of Delijan, alongside main road running between Tehran and Isfahan. It is an archaeological relic, most probably a temple, related to the Seleucidian era (4th or 3rd centuries BC. Seleucidian was established by Seleucus, Alexander's officer, in surrounded Persia). Two columns of stone to the elevation of 6 m remain from this vestige. This historical monument is an extremely valuable one. According to the studies and views of 'Hertsfold' this was the temple of the 'God of War'.